Students, sarariiman (pl.), and seniors: Japanese men's use of 'manly' speech register

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40 Scopus citations


This article analyzes seven Japanese all-male friendly conversations, focusing on stereotypically gendered sentence-final particles to ascertain whether and how Japanese men native to the Kansai (western) region of Japan, aged 19-68 years, use these features to create a gendered identity. Quantitative methods are employed to establish the frequency with which such stereotypically gendered forms are used. A close discourse analysis investigates how the men use these forms in particular contexts to index particular identities, which may or may not correspond to traditional notions of Japanese masculinity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)81-107
Number of pages27
JournalLanguage in Society
Issue number1
StatePublished - Feb 2004
Externally publishedYes


  • Gender and language
  • Japanese
  • Kansai region
  • Language ideology
  • Masculinity
  • Sentence-final particles

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Language and Linguistics
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Linguistics and Language


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