Pure titania, zirconia, and binary TiO2-ZrO2 oxides with Ti/Zr molar ratios of 1:3, 1:1 and 3:1 were prepared by a modified sol-gel method. The samples were calcined at different temperatures and characterized by nitrogen adsorption porosimetry, XRD, DSC-TGA and FT-IR. After calcination at 450°C the pure titania and zirconia are in the crystalline phase (anatase and tetragonal, respectively) while the binary oxides remain in the amorphous phase. The binary oxides are crystallized after calcination at temperatures above 800°C, but only the TiO2-ZrO2 (1:1) sample is in the single phase of crystalline TiZrO4 while the other two binary oxides contain TiZrO4 and tetragonal (or monoclinc) zirconia and rutile phases, respectively. The crystallization temperature for the formation of ZrTiO4 phase in the three binary oxides increases with titania content (respectively at 606, 716 and 754°C). Different from the pure oxides, which exhibit two types of surface OH group, the binary oxides after calcination at 450°C only have surface terminal OH group. The OH surface density decreases and, after passing through a minimum at about equimolar composition of Ti/Zr, increases with increasing titania content. The mixed oxides exhibit a large amount of surface acid sites.
- OH group surface density
- TiO-ZrO binary solid solution
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Process Chemistry and Technology