Strategic leadership across cultures: Current findings and future research directions

Hui Wang, David Waldman, Hongyu Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

34 Scopus citations


Research on strategic leadership has proliferated for a long time. However, very little work has been conducted to investigate this issue from a cross-cultural perspective. To fill this gap, we first review recent findings on strategic leadership in different cultural backgrounds. Then, based on the upper echelons theory, we summarize what researchers have found regarding the effects of personal characteristics of strategic leaders on firm performance in terms of observed personal experience, personality, values, cognitive style, and leadership behaviors. Furthermore, we generate some future research directions focusing on concepts, theories, and also methodological issues of strategic leadership across cultures. We consider how research across different cultures will enrich our understanding of strategic leadership and unfold the "black box" of why and how strategic leaders have positive effects on firm level performance. Finally, practical implications for managers are considered.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)571-580
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of World Business
Issue number4
StatePublished - Oct 2012


  • Cross culture
  • Current findings
  • Future research directions
  • Strategic leadership
  • Upper echelons theory

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Business and International Management
  • Finance
  • Marketing


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