Strategic corporate social responsibility and environmental sustainability

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

483 Scopus citations


The authors review three theoretical approaches to strategic corporate social responsibility (CSR), which can be defined as voluntary CSR actions that enhance a firm's competitiveness and reputation. The end result of such activities should be an improvement in financial and economic performance. Based on an overview of recent empirical evidence, the authors conclude that economic theories of strategic CSR have the greatest potential for advancing this field of inquiry, although theories of strategic leadership should also be incorporated into this perspective. In the remainder of the article, they provide focused summaries of the articles presented in this special issue and outline an agenda for future research on strategic CSR and environmental sustainability.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)6-27
Number of pages22
JournalBusiness and Society
Issue number1
StatePublished - Mar 2011


  • corporate social performance
  • corporate social responsibility
  • environmental sustainability
  • resource-based view of the firm
  • strategic leadership

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Business, Management and Accounting (miscellaneous)
  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)


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