Stance detection with BERT embeddings for credibility analysis of information on social media

Hema Karande, Rahee Walambe, Victor Benjamin, Ketan Kotecha, T. S. Raghu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations


The evolution of electronic media is a mixed blessing. Due to the easy access, low cost, and faster reach of the information, people search out and devour news from online social networks. In contrast, the increasing acceptance of social media reporting leads to the spread of fake news. This is a minacious problem that causes disputes and endangers the societal stability and harmony. Fake news spread has gained attention from researchers due to its vicious nature. proliferation of misinformation in all media, from the internet to cable news, paid advertising and local news outlets, has made it essential for people to identify the misinformation and sort through the facts. Researchers are trying to analyze the credibility of information and curtail false information on such platforms. Credibility is the believability of the piece of information at hand. Analyzing the credibility of fake news is challenging due to the intent of its creation and the polychromatic nature of the news. In this work, we propose a model for detecting fake news. Our method investigates the content of the news at the early stage i.e., when the news is published but is yet to be disseminated through social media. Our work interprets the content with automatic feature extraction and the relevance of the text pieces. In summary, we introduce stance as one of the features along with the content of the article and employ the pre-trained contextualized word embeddings BERT to obtain the state-of-art results for fake news detection. The experiment conducted on the real-world dataset indicates that our model outperforms the previous work and enables fake news detection with an accuracy of 95.32%.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-20
Number of pages20
JournalPeerJ Computer Science
StatePublished - Apr 2021


  • BERT
  • Credibility
  • Fake news
  • LSTM
  • Misinformation
  • Stance detection

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Computer Science


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