Spread of retailer food quality standards. A transition countries perspective

Larissa S. Drescher, Carola Grebitus, Thomas Herzfeld

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Privately initiated food quality standards are becoming increasingly important elements in the marketing of food and agricultural products in Western Europe. At the same time, they are at the centre of a discussion about the potential negative effects on small farmers and farmers in developing and transition countries in general. This study analyses the adoption of two private food standards, the BRC Food Technical Standard and GlobalGAP, at an aggregated cross-country level. The results of the econometric analysis reveal some (potential) barriers for developing and transition countries in accessing this type of organizational innovation. Certificates seem more likely to be issued in countries that are larger and wealthier, which have better institutional arrangements and better infrastructural conditions, and which are former UK colonies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)15-21
Number of pages7
JournalOutlook on Agriculture
Issue number1
StatePublished - Mar 2009
Externally publishedYes


  • Adoption
  • BRC
  • Food quality
  • GlobalGAP
  • Standards

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology
  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Agronomy and Crop Science


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