David R. Hodge, Joshua D. Gregory

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

    1 Scopus citations


    The field of spiritual neuroscience is characterized by the use of neuroscience methods to identify the neural correlates of spirituality. This entry orients readers to this new, emerging field. A number of topics are discussed including the philosophical antecedents that created intellectual space for the field, difficulties in defining and operationalizing spirituality, methods that serve to distinguish this area of study, and populations that have particular relevance to spiritual neuroscience. The entry concludes by reviewing the field’s contributions to the mind-brain issue and noting some methodological challenges and future directions.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Title of host publicationThe Curated Reference Collection in Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Psychology
    PublisherElsevier Science Ltd.
    ISBN (Electronic)9780128093245
    StatePublished - Jan 1 2016


    • Consciousness
    • Electroencephalogram (EEG)
    • Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI)
    • Mind-brain
    • Mysticism
    • Neuroscience
    • Positron emission tomography (PET)
    • Religion
    • Single-photon emission computerized tomography (SPECT)
    • Spiritual neuroscience
    • Spirituality
    • Temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE)
    • Transcendence

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • General Medicine


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