Species Distribution Modeling

Jane Elith, Janet Franklin

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

81 Scopus citations


Species distribution modeling (SDM) links ecological theory of species-environment relationships with statistical learning methods and geospatial data to understand and predict the distributions of species and their habitats. Also called ecological niche modeling, SDM is widely used for biodiversity assessment and to predict the impacts of environmental change on biodiversity in terrestrial and aquatic habitats. It can also provide insight and understanding about ecological relationships.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationEncyclopedia of Biodiversity
Subtitle of host publicationSecond Edition
PublisherElsevier Inc.
Number of pages14
ISBN (Electronic)9780123847195
ISBN (Print)9780123847201
StatePublished - Jan 1 2013


  • Biotope
  • Climate change
  • Ecological niche model
  • Environmental gradient
  • Generalized linear model
  • Habitat
  • Invasive species
  • Machine learning
  • Niche
  • Spatial autocorrelation
  • Species detectability
  • Species response curve
  • Species richness
  • Species-environment relationship

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Agricultural and Biological Sciences
  • General Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology


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