Socialization and well-being in multiracial individuals: A moderated mediation model of racial ambiguity and identity

Roberto Villegas-Gold, Giac-Thao Tran

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    22 Scopus citations

    Abstract

    Scholarly interest in racial socialization is growing, but researchers' understanding of how and when racial socialization relates to well-being is underdeveloped, particularly for multiracial populations. The present study investigated moderated mediation models to understand whether the indirect relations of egalitarian socialization to subjective well-being and self-esteem through integrated multiracial identification were conditional on phenotypic racial ambiguity among 383 multiracial adults. Tests of moderated mediation in primary analyses were significant for subjective well-being and self-esteem. Consistent with the hypotheses, egalitarian socialization was linked to a stronger multiracial integrated identity, which was positively associated with subjective well-being and self-esteem for those with moderate and high phenotypic racial ambiguity. This indirect effect was not significant for those reporting low phenotypic racial ambiguity. Results suggested a positive role of egalitarian socialization in relation to integrated identity and well-being for multiracial adults. This study highlights a culturally relevant pathway through which egalitarian socialization impacts well-being through racial identification for multiracial adults and the conditions of phenotypic racial ambiguity that contextualize this indirect effect.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)413-422
    Number of pages10
    JournalJournal of Counseling Psychology
    Volume65
    Issue number4
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Jul 1 2018

    Keywords

    • Egalitarian socialization
    • Identification
    • Moderated mediation
    • Multiracial
    • Physical racial ambiguity

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Social Psychology
    • Clinical Psychology
    • Psychiatry and Mental health

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