Sn-based group-IV semiconductors on Si: New infrared materials and new templates for mismatched epitaxy

John Tolle, Radek Roucka, Vijay D'Costa, Jose Menendez, Andrew Chizmeshya, John Kouvetakis

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

9 Scopus citations


We report growth and properties of GeSn and SiGeSn alloys on Si (100). These materials are prepared using a novel CVD approach based on reactions of Si-Ge hydrides and SnD4. High quality GeSn films with Sn contents up to 20%, and strain free microstructures have been obtained. The lattice mismatch between the films and Si is relieved by Lomer edge dislocations located at the interface. This material is of interest due to the predicted cross-over to a direct gap semiconductor for moderate Sn concentrations. We find that the direct band gap, and, consequently, the main absorption edge, shifts monotonically to lower energies as the Sn concentration is increased. The compositional dependence of the direct band gap shows a strong bowing, such that the direct band gap is reduced to 0.4 eV (from 0.8 eV for pure Ge) for a concentration of 14% Sn. The ternary SiGeSn alloy has been grown for the first time on GeSn buffer layers. This material opens up entirely new opportunities for strain and band gap engineering using group-IV materials via decoupling of strain and composition. Our SiGeSn layers have lattice constants above and below that of pure Ge, and depending on the thickness and composition of the underlying buffer layer they can be grown relaxed, with compressive, or with tensile strain. In addition to acting as a buffer layer for the growth of SiGeSn, we have found that GeSn can act as a template for the subsequent growth of a variety of materials, including III-V semiconductors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProgress in Semiconductor Materials V - Novel Materials and Electronic and Optoelectronic Applications
Number of pages6
StatePublished - Aug 23 2006
Event2005 MRS Fall Meeting - Boston, MA, United States
Duration: Nov 28 2005Dec 1 2005

Publication series

NameMaterials Research Society Symposium Proceedings
ISSN (Print)0272-9172


Other2005 MRS Fall Meeting
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityBoston, MA

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


Dive into the research topics of 'Sn-based group-IV semiconductors on Si: New infrared materials and new templates for mismatched epitaxy'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this