Sinusoidal Loudness Estimation

Visar Berisha (Inventor), Andreas Spanias (Inventor)

Research output: Patent


In recent years, the proliferation of internet streaming applications has brought about the need for low-bit rate speech and audio coding methods. Several parametric designs such as the sinusoids+transients+noise model have been somewhat successful for speech and audio synthesis. Low-bit rate and streaming applications are restricted by only being able to transmit a limited number of parameters for loudness estimation, resulting in reduced audio quality. Current techniques for selecting relevant parameters are based on either Signal to Mask Ratio (SMR) or loudness patterns. Despite their popularity, an SMR focus has a tendency to neglect perceptually relevant sinusoids, and the loudness focused methods are computationally costly and arent proficient in delaycritical applications. Researchers at Arizona State University have created a novel and efficient technique for estimating relevant perceptual quantities like loudness patterns of individual sinusoids. This routine is helpful for accurate parameter selection in low-bit rate speech and audio applications. Potential Applications Speech and Audio applications MPEG-4 HVXC speech coder MPEG-4 HILN audio coder Low-Bit Rate applications Digital Audio Broadcasting Internet Streaming Volume Control Hearing Aid Technologies Benefits and Advantages 90% faster CPU time for algorithm execution Sufficient computational efficiency for real-time use Less than 1/2 the loudness error of common method as number of sinusoidal components selected increases Download original PDF
Original languageEnglish (US)
StatePublished - Apr 17 2009


Dive into the research topics of 'Sinusoidal Loudness Estimation'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this