Simplified design of biofilm processes using normalized loading curves

M. S. Heath, S. A. Wirtel, B. E. Rittmann

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

36 Scopus citations


The design of biofilm processes can be based on the mechanistically rigorous steady-state biofilm model and can also be simple to do when normalized loading curves are employed. A family of normalized loading curves is developed from principles of biofilm kinetics. The significance of the three dimensionless design parameters - S(min)*, L* and J/J(R) - is discussed. Finally, the design approach is illustrated by an example for completely mixed and segmented reactors removing soluble BOD in a biofilm reactor. Res. J. Water Pollut. Control Fed., 62, 185 (1990).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)185-192
Number of pages8
JournalResearch Journal of the Water Pollution Control Federation
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1990
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pollution


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