Sign of tunneling magnetoresistance in Cr O2-based magnetic tunnel junctions

Titus Leo, Christian Kaiser, Hyunsoo Yang, Stuart S P Parkin, Martin Sperlich, Gernot Güntherodt, David Smith

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Scopus citations


Half-metallic ferromagnets are potentially useful as electrodes in magnetic tunnel junctions (MTJs) because of the possibility for 100% spin polarization near the Fermi energy. We report tunneling magnetoresistance (TMR) behavior of MTJs having epitaxial Cr O2 (100) as one electrode, CoFe as second electrode, and MgO as tunnel barrier, i.e., Ti O2 (100) Cr O2 (100) MgOCoFe. When Cr O2 is exposed to air, several monolayers of oxide surface decompose and negative MR is observed. Conversely, sample surfaces protected by thin Mg layers show small but positive MR consistent with intrinsic spin polarization. Thus, the TMR sign can be reversed simply by subtle modifications to the Cr O2 MgO interface.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number252506
JournalApplied Physics Letters
Issue number25
StatePublished - Dec 1 2007

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)


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