Sharing Data to Build a Medical Information Commons: From Bermuda to the Global Alliance

Robert Cook-Deegan, Rachel A. Ankeny, Kathryn Maxson Jones

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    17 Scopus citations


    The Human Genome Project modeled its open science ethos on nematode biology, most famously through daily release of DNA sequence data based on the 1996 Bermuda Principles. That open science philosophy persists, but daily, unfettered release of data has had to adapt to constraints occasioned by the use of data from individual people, broader use of data not only by scientists but also by clinicians and individuals, the global reach of genomic applications and diverse national privacy and research ethics laws, and the rising prominence of a diverse commercial genomics sector. The Global Alliance for Genomics and Health was established to enable the data sharing that is essential for making meaning of genomic variation. Data-sharing policies and practices will continue to evolve as researchers, health professionals, and individuals strive to construct a global medical and scientific information commons.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)389-415
    Number of pages27
    JournalAnnual Review of Genomics and Human Genetics
    StatePublished - Aug 31 2017


    • Data sharing
    • Knowledge commons
    • Model organisms
    • Patents
    • Science policy
    • Sociology of science

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Molecular Biology
    • Genetics
    • Genetics(clinical)


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