Self-instructed relaxation: A therapeutic alternative

Bryan Hiebert, James Cardinal, Larry Dumka, Ronald W. Marx

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


A self-instructed relaxation program was compared with therapist-instructed relaxation and waiting list controls. Self-report anxiety measures (IPAT and STAI) and a psychophysiological stress profile (frontal EMG, GSR, heart rate, finger temperature monitored under relaxation and stressor conditions) were utilized pre- and posttreatment to determine efficacy. Self-monitored heart rate, respiration rate, and finger temperature were used to monitor home practice sessions. Subjects reported increased ability to relax and control stress; however, frontal EMG measured under stressor conditions was the only dependent measure to confirm this perception. No between-group differences on any other dependent measures were observed. Reliable changes on all self-monitored home practice measures were observed, suggesting that this procedure is a useful gauge of home practice.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)601-617
Number of pages17
JournalBiofeedback and Self-Regulation
Issue number4
StatePublished - Dec 1 1983


  • relaxation
  • self-instruction
  • stress control
  • stress profile

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Agricultural and Biological Sciences


Dive into the research topics of 'Self-instructed relaxation: A therapeutic alternative'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this