Seeing 21st Century Data Bleed through the 15th Century Wound Man

Nikki Stevens, Jacqueline Wernimont

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


Are individuals at risk of "data bleedout" in 21st century environments saturated with wearable devices? Is there a good way of visualizing the range of wearables and related technology so that we can see the impact on both the human and their data? Wearable have been around for a long time ? eyeglasses date to the 13th century and artisans created wearable clocks in the 16th century. The wearable technologies of the 21st century are multiple and plentiful in many commercial markets. CCS Insight has updated its outlook on the future of wearable tech, indicating that 411 million smart wearable devices, worth a staggering 34 billion, will be sold in 2020 [1]. This estimate depends upon a strong growth in the sector; global wearable retail sales in 2017 reached 126 623 units [2]. Much of this growth is expected to come from young adult sectors; according to the Global Web Index, 71 percent of those ages 16 to 24 want "wearable tech," defined as a smart watch, smart wristband, or smart eyewear. Nearly two-thirds of global Internet users have worn a piece of technology already or are eager to do so in the future [3].

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number8558773
Pages (from-to)46-54
Number of pages9
JournalIEEE Technology and Society Magazine
Issue number4
StatePublished - Dec 2018

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Engineering
  • General Social Sciences


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