Removal of adenovirus, calicivirus, and bacteriophages by conventional drinking water treatment

Morteza Abbaszadegan, Patricia Monteiro, Nena Nwachuku, Absar Alum, Hodon Ryu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations


This study was conducted to evaluate the removal of adenovirus, feline calicivirus (FCV), and bacteriophages MS-2, fr, PRD-1, and Φ X-174 during conventional drinking water treatment using ferric chloride as a coagulant. Adenovirus and FCV were removed to a greater extent than PRD-1 and Φ X-174, indicating that these bacteriophages may be appropriate surrogates for both adenovirus and FCV. Of the four bacteriophages studied in the pilot plant, MS-2 was removed to the greatest extent (5.1 log), followed by fr (4.9 log), PRD-1 (3.5 log), and Φ X-174 (1.3 log). The virus removal trend in the pilot-scale testing was similar to the bench-scale testing; however, the bench-scale testing seemed to provide a conservative estimate of the pilot plant performance. In the pilot-scale testing, MS-2 and fr were removed with the greatest efficiency during filtration, whereas PRD-1 and Φ X-174 showed the greatest removal during sedimentation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)171-177
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Environmental Science and Health - Part A Toxic/Hazardous Substances and Environmental Engineering
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jan 2008


  • Adenovirus
  • Calicivirus
  • Conventional drinking water treatment
  • MS-2
  • PRD-1
  • Pilot plant study
  • fr
  • ΦX-174

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering


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