Reliability-aware cross-point resistive memory design

Cong Xu, Dimin Niu, Yang Zheng, Shimeng Yu, Yuan Xie

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

6 Scopus citations


The transition metal oxide (TMO) resistive random access memory (ReRAM) has been identified as one of the most promising candidates for the next generation non-volatile memory (NVM) technology. Numerous TMO ReRAMs with different materials have been developed and demonstrate attractive characteristics, such as fast read/write speed, low power consumption, high integrated density, and good scalability. Among them, the most attractive characteristic of ReRAM is its cross-point structure which features a 4F2 cell size. However, the existence of sneak current and voltage drop along the wire resistance in a cross-point array brings in extra design challenges. In addition, a robust ReRAM design needs to deal with both soft and hard errors. In this paper, we summarize mechanisms of both soft and hard errors of ReRAM cells and propose a unified model to characterize different failure behaviors. We quantitatively analyze the impact of cell failure modes on the reliability of cross-point array. We also propose an error resilient architecture which avoids unnecessary writes in the hard error detection unit. Experimental results show that our design can extend the lifetime of ReRAM up to 75% over the design without hard error detections and up to 12% over the design with "write-verify" detection mechanism.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationGLSVLSI 2014 - Proceedings of the 2014 Great Lakes Symposium on VLSI
PublisherAssociation for Computing Machinery
Number of pages6
ISBN (Print)9781450328166
StatePublished - 2014
Event24th Great Lakes Symposium on VLSI, GLSVLSI 2014 - Houston, TX, United States
Duration: May 21 2014May 23 2014

Publication series

NameProceedings of the ACM Great Lakes Symposium on VLSI, GLSVLSI


Other24th Great Lakes Symposium on VLSI, GLSVLSI 2014
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityHouston, TX


  • ReRAM
  • cross-point
  • reliability

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)


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