Relationship between ambient temperature and mental health in the USA

Patrick E. Phelan, Bernadette E. Phelan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Climatic variables such as temperature have been shown to correlate with demand for mental health services in other countries. An attempt by the present study to replicate this correlation using existing USA treatment data on mental health was not substantiated. Using annual state-level data from 2007 through 2015, the rate of mental health service utilization per 1000 population was correlated with average temperature and precipitation, while adjusting for Gross Domestic Product (GDP), unemployment, and urbanization. No statistically significant correlation was found.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number71
Pages (from-to)1-9
Number of pages9
JournalEnvironments - MDPI
Issue number4
StatePublished - Dec 2017


  • Behavioral health
  • Climate
  • Gross domestic product
  • Health
  • Impact
  • Precipitation
  • Temperature
  • Unemployment rate
  • Urbanization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Environmental Science
  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment


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