Relation of emotion-related regulation to children's social competence: A longitudinal study

Tracy Spinrad, Nancy Eisenberg, Amanda Cumberland, Richard Fabes, Carlos Valiente, Stephanie A. Shepard, Mark Reiser, Sandra Losoya, Ivanna K. Guthrie

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

219 Scopus citations


The differential relations of children's emotion-related regulation (i.e., effortful control and impulsivity) to their personality resiliency, adult-rated popularity, and social competence were examined in children who were 4.5-7.9 years old and who were remeasured 2 years later. Parents and teachers reported on all constructs, and children's attentional persistence was observed. Structural equation modeling was used to test the mediating role of resiliency on the relations between regulation/control and popularity using two-wave longitudinal data. The results provide some evidence of the mediating role of resiliency in the relations between effortful control and popularity, provide some evidence of bidirectional effects, and also buttress the view that emotional regulation should be differentiated into effortful and reactive forms of control.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)498-510
Number of pages13
Issue number3
StatePublished - Aug 2006


  • Effortful control
  • Emotion regulation
  • Impulsivity
  • Popularity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Psychology


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