Reduction of Oxygen Vacancy Related Traps in TiO2 and the Impacts on Hybrid Perovskite Solar Cells

Yu Che Ho, Md Nadim Ferdous Hoque, Elizabeth Stoneham, Juliusz Warzywoda, Tim Dallas, Zhaoyang Fan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

45 Scopus citations


One major problem in the application of TiO2 and other oxides as an electron transport layer and optical window in perovskite solar cells (PSCs) is the nonstoichiometric defects related to oxygen vacancies. We report the studies of a TiO2 compact layer annealed in ambient air and in an oxygen environment, and the consequences on planar PSC performance. Chemical analysis and optical studies indicate that oxygen vacancy density can be significantly reduced by changing annealing conditions, leading to higher optical transmission of the TiO2 layer and retarded carrier recombination in the PSC. The carrier dynamics studies found that the electron recombination lifetime was significantly increased. With an improved electron transport layer, the power conversion efficiency of PSCs with a TiO2 compact layer annealed in oxygen was increased from 13.58% to 15.85%, due to a largely enhanced current density when compared to the control PSCs with TiO2 annealed in ambient air.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)23939-23946
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry C
Issue number43
StatePublished - Nov 2 2017
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Energy(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films


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