Reciprocal relations among self-efficacy beliefs and prosociality across time

Guido Alessandri, Gian Vittorio Caprara, Nancy Eisenberg, Patrizia Steca

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

94 Scopus citations


The present study examined the longitudinal relations between individuals' prosociality and their self-efficacy beliefs in regard to emotional regulation and responding empathically to others' needs. The participants were 244 females and 222 males with a mean age of 17 years (SD=1.5) at T1, 19 years (SD=1.4) at T2, and 21 years (SD=1.6) at T3. The findings corroborated the posited paths of relations assigning empathic self-efficacy a major role in predicting the level of individuals' prosociality. Empathic self-efficacy beliefs mediated the relations of regulative emotional self-efficacy beliefs to prosocial tendencies such as caring, sharing, helping, and empathic concern toward others. The posited conceptual model accounted for a significant portion of variance in prosociality and has implications for interventions designed to promote and sustain prosociality.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1229-1259
Number of pages31
JournalJournal of personality
Issue number4
StatePublished - Aug 2009

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology


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