Reactance in Relation to Different Supervisory Environments and Counselor Development

Terence J. Tracey, Judy L. Ellickson, Patrick Sherry

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

71 Scopus citations


The purpose of this study was to examine counselor trainees' preference for structure in supervision as moderated by level of experience, reactance potential, and the content of supervision. Reactions of 78 practicum counselors to two of four audiotaped supervision sessions which varied on (a) amount of supervisor structure and (b) supervision content (suicidal client or client with relationship issues) were assessed. Beginning students preferred the structured supervision. The preference of structure for advanced students was moderated by reactance and content. For the relationship content, advanced students who were high on reactance preferred the low-structure supervision, while those with low reactance preferred the high-structure condition. In suicide content condition, advanced students preferred the structured supervision regardless of their level of reactance.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)336-344
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of counseling psychology
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jul 1 1989
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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