Racial Microaggressions: a Primer with Implications for Counseling Practice

Sara Houshmand, Lisa Spanierman, Jack de Stefano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations


Given their societal toll and ubiquitous nature, counselors and other mental health professionals inevitably will encounter clients who have experienced racial microaggressions in their practice. In this primer, we examine key issues relative to racial microaggressions and their impact on the lives of members of racial and ethnic minority groups. Drawing on burgeoning research, we also address likely coping strategies. Finally, we offer implications for mental health training and counseling practice. Throughout, we highlight the evident resilience of racial and ethnic minority individuals in the context of racial microaggressions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)203-216
Number of pages14
JournalInternational Journal for the Advancement of Counselling
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 1 2017


  • Coping
  • Counseling
  • Mental health
  • Racial microaggressions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Applied Psychology
  • Psychology (miscellaneous)


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