This paper reviews the literature on psychological or behavioral factors in the development and modification of myopia. A wide variety of topics in psychology have been involved in this work, and there are a number of potentially fruitful areas for further research. In regard to the development of myopia, the following were concluded: axial length of the eyeball is a critical physiological variable; heredity plays a definite though minor role; there are personality and intellectual correlates of myopia; and excessive visual near work behavior is almost certainly a powerful relevant factor. In regard to modification, little has as yet been accomplished, although the demonstration of temporary changes in subjective acuity and refractive error by behavioral means supports a view of myopia as a behavioral physiological disorder.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Title of host publication||AMER.J.OPTOM.PHYSIOL.OPT.|
|Number of pages||11|
|State||Published - 1974|
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