Properties of the liquid-vapor interface of fcc metals calculated using the embedded atom method

L. M. Holzman, J. B. Adams, S. M. Foiles, W. N.G. Hitchon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Scopus citations


The Embedded Atom Method (EAM) is used to compute density, internal energy, and structure factor for bulk liquids of the fcc metals at several temperatures above and below the melting temperature. The calculated values are found to be in generally good agreement with experiment, although the volume expansion upon melting does differ by up to 50% from the expected result for some of the elements studied. The total energy of a liquid system with surfaces is calculated, and the results are compared with the bulk liquid results to determine the enthalpy and thickness of the liquid-vapor interface. Also, the surface tension is found for Cu near the melting temperature. The EAM values for surface enthalpy and surface tension are found to be smaller than experimental values, which is consistent with results for EAM calculations of the surface energy of crystalline solids.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)298-302
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Materials Research
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 1991
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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