Process Parameter Optimization in Metal Laser-Based Powder Bed Fusion Using Image Processing and Statistical Analyses

Faiyaz Ahsan, Jafar Razmi, Leila Ladani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


The powder bed fusion additive manufacturing process has received widespread interest because of its capability to manufacture components with a complicated design and better surface finish compared to other additive techniques. Process optimization to obtain high quality parts is still a concern, which is impeding the full-scale production of materials. Therefore, it is of paramount importance to identify the best combination of process parameters that produces parts with the least defects and best features. This work focuses on gaining useful information about several features of the bead area, such as contact angle, porosity, voids, melt pool size and keyhole that were achieved using several combinations of laser power and scan speed to produce single scan lines. These features are identified and quantified using process learning, which is then used to conduct a comprehensive statistical analysis that allows to estimate the effect of the process parameters, such as laser power and scan speed on the output features. Both single and multi-response analyses are applied to analyze the response parameters, such as contact angle, porosity and melt pool size individually as well as in a collective manner. Laser power has been observed to have a more influential effect on all the features. A multi-response analysis showed that 150 W of laser power and 200 mm/s produced a bead with the best possible features.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number87
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2022


  • Additive manufacturing
  • Powder bed fusion
  • Process optimization
  • Statistical analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science
  • Metals and Alloys


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