Physics-based multiscale damage criterion for fatigue crack prediction in aluminium alloy

J. Zhang, J. Johnston, Aditi Chattopadhyay

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Scopus citations


In this paper, a physics-based multiscale approach is introduced to predict the fatigue life of crystalline metallic materials. An energy-based and slip-based damage criterion is developed to model two important stages of fatigue crack initiation: the nucleation and the coalescence of microcracks. At the microscale, a damage index is developed on the basis of plastic strain energy to represent the growing rate of a nucleated microcrack. A statistical volume element model with high computational efficiency is developed at the mesoscale to represent the microstructure of the material. Also, the formation of a major crack is captured by a coalescence criterion at mesoscale. At the macroscale, a finite element analysis of selected test articles including lug joint and cruciform is conducted with the statistical volume element model bridging two scale meshes. A comparison between experimental and simulation results shows that the multiscale damage criterion is capable of capturing crack initiation and predicting fatigue life.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)119-131
Number of pages13
JournalFatigue and Fracture of Engineering Materials and Structures
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 2014


  • damage modelling
  • fatigue crack growth
  • fatigue life prediction
  • finite element analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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