Performance Evaluation of Modularized Global Equalization System for Lithium-Ion Battery Packs

Feng Ju, Weiwen Deng, Jingshan Li

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

41 Scopus citations


Battery management system has attracted mounting research attention recently, within which cell equalization plays a key role. Although many research and practices have been devoted to developing various structures of cell equalizers, there are still substantial opportunities for performance improvement yet to investigate. In particular, mathematical modeling and systematic analysis of equalizer systems are limited. In this paper, the performance analysis of the modularized global equalizer system for Lithium-ion battery cell equalization is conducted analytically. Specifically, a mathematical model is developed to emulate the equalization dynamics by considering both charging/discharging and energy loss. Analytical formulas are derived to evaluate the performance of the global equalizer. The introduced model is also compared with the state-of-the-art structures in terms of equalization speed and energy loss. Numerical studies show that the modularized global equalization outperforms others by its substantial reduction on energy loss with similar equalization performance and much less equalizers. In addition, a module segmentation guide is provided to facilitate the equalization system design.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number7120198
Pages (from-to)986-996
Number of pages11
JournalIEEE Transactions on Automation Science and Engineering
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 2016


  • Battery management system
  • cell equalization
  • electric vehicle (EV)
  • modularized global equalization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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