Perceived Ethnic-Racial Socialization, Ethnic Identity, and Social Competence Among Asian American Late Adolescents

Alisia G.T.T. Tran, Richard M. Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

89 Scopus citations


This study extends the research on parental ethnic-racial socialization to Asian American late adolescents (N = 166). The authors specifically examined the factor structure, frequency, and correlates of a perceived ethnic-racial socialization measure. Ethnic identity was also hypothesized to function as a mediator in the relationship between perceived cultural socialization and social competence. The results supported a 3-factor model of perceived ethnic-racial socialization that included cultural socialization-pluralism, promotion of mistrust, and preparation for bias. Exploratory analyses revealed that ethnic-racial socialization messages were reported by large proportions of participants and were related to a number of demographic variables. The authors further found that perceived promotion of mistrust messages were inversely associated with social competence. They also found that perceived cultural socialization-pluralism was significantly related to social competence through ethnic identity. Results support the importance of perceived ethnic-racial socialization for Asian American development.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)169-178
Number of pages10
JournalCultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 1 2010
Externally publishedYes


  • Asian American
  • cultural socialization
  • ethnic and racial socialization
  • ethnic identity
  • social competence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Sociology and Political Science


Dive into the research topics of 'Perceived Ethnic-Racial Socialization, Ethnic Identity, and Social Competence Among Asian American Late Adolescents'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this