Pathways to ethnic-racial identity development and psychological adjustment: The differential associations of cultural socialization by parents and peers

Sarah C. Nelson, Moin Syed, Giac-Thao Tran, Alison W. Hu, Richard M. Lee

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    47 Scopus citations

    Abstract

    Ethnic-racial identity (ERI) development is a central developmental process for youth of color. Although a great deal of research establishes the importance of cultural socialization by parents to the development of ERI, limited empirical work has examined peers' role in these processes. This study uses 4 cross-sectional data sets (N = 127, 312, 257, and 238, mean age = 17.96 -18.24) followed by a meta-analytic summary to test a path model of ERI development and parent and peer cultural socialization and their associations with psychological adjustment in a diverse sample of emerging adults. The final sample size adjusted meta-analytic model indicated that parent ethnic socialization predicted both ERI exploration and commitment while only peer preparation for bias predicted ERI commitment. In turn, ERI commitment and exploration predicted more positive mental health. The findings of this study highlight the importance of both parents and peers to cultural socialization processes during emerging adulthood. In particular, this study suggests that the messages peers impart about prejudice play a unique role in the development of ERI. The findings have important implications about the unique role peers play in communicating messages about prejudice as well as for ERI and the psychological adjustment of youth of color at this developmental stage. Additionally, these cross-sectional findings provide a preliminary but robust model from which researchers can frame future longitudinal work in this area.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)2166-2180
    Number of pages15
    JournalDevelopmental psychology
    Volume54
    Issue number11
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Nov 2018

    Keywords

    • Cultural socialization
    • Ethnic-racial identity
    • Parent
    • Path model
    • Peers

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Demography
    • Developmental and Educational Psychology
    • Life-span and Life-course Studies

    Fingerprint

    Dive into the research topics of 'Pathways to ethnic-racial identity development and psychological adjustment: The differential associations of cultural socialization by parents and peers'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this