Overrepresentation of minority students in special education: A continuing debate

Alfredo J. Artiles, Stanley C. Trent

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

264 Scopus citations


Approximately 25 years ago, Lloyd Dunn (1968) and Evelyn Deno (1970) provided us with analyses regarding the problems and pitfalls of special education. One of the primary areas of focus was the overrepresentation of minority and low-income students in programs for students with mild mental retardation. Unfortunately, this problem continues to hover over us today and has extended to other special education categories. Based on our analysis of the problem then and now, we extend the recommendations provided by advocates, educators, researchers, and policymakers.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)410-437
Number of pages28
JournalThe Journal of Special Education
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jan 1994
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Rehabilitation


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