OTC Nicotine Patch: Effectiveness Alone and with Brief Physician Intervention

Scott Leischow, Myra L. Muramoto, Gretchen N. Cook, Elizabeth P. Merikle, Sistine M. Castellini, Pamela S. Otte

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

31 Scopus citations


Objectives: Compare the effectiveness of transdermal nicotine in an OTC (no behavioral support) vs. a physician-based minimal intervention setting (MD). Methods: Three hundred healthy adult smokers completed follow-up visits at Weeks 2, 6, 26, and 52. Subjects purchased 15 mg patches ad lib for 26 weeks. Results: No significant differences in abstinence rates between groups were found. Abstinence rates for all randomized ranged from 4.0% to 9.3%. Abstinence rates for all who purchased patches ranged from 5.3% to 12.5%. Conclusions: Use of OTC nicotine patch resulted in low cessation rates, but comparable to those when patch was combined with brief physician intervention.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)61-69
Number of pages9
JournalAmerican journal of health behavior
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 1999

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Social Psychology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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