Ordered nucleation of Ge islands along high index planes on Si

L. Vescan, K. Grimm, M. Goryll, B. Holländer

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

33 Scopus citations


Lateral ordering of Ge islands along 〈100〉 directions is observed when the growth is performed on Si mesas with crystallographic planes of the (100) zone. The islands nucleate in single one-dimensional rows along the intersection line between {01h} facets with a {011} plane. The high index planes were generated by using selective epitaxial growth of Si for the formation of faceted mesas. On these mesas Ge was deposited at 700 °C with a low growth rate (0.04 ML s-1) so as to achieve on large areas a monomodal island distribution (medium sized islands known as dome clusters). However, on the (001) part of the Si mesas one observes a transition from monomodal to bimodal distribution. On small areas (small total coverage) only ordered islands of medium size along the edges are present. On larger mesas (higher total coverage) beside the ordered rows with medium size islands also small sized islands (30 nm diameter, 1 nm height, density 8×109 cm-2) nucleate on the (001) plane. At even higher coverage medium sized islands are also created on the (001) plane. The higher nucleation probability of islands on the high index planes must be due to a lower energy barrier for nucleation on these planes. The ordering on mesas (even as large as 200×200 μm2) must be related with a high surface diffusion length, λGe for the Ge atoms on the strained wetting (001) layer. From λGe to approximately 100 μm an activation energy for Ge migrating on strained Ge (001) Es to approximately 0.65 eV could be evaluated.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)324-328
Number of pages5
JournalMaterials Science and Engineering B: Solid-State Materials for Advanced Technology
StatePublished - Jan 14 2000
Externally publishedYes
EventThe European Materials Research Society 1999 Spring Meeting, Symposium I: Microcrystalline and Nanocrystalline Semiconductors - Strasbourg, France
Duration: Jun 1 1999Jun 4 1999

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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