Optimal Beam-Sweeping and Communication in Mobile Millimeter-Wave Networks

Nicolo Michelusi, Muddassar Hussain

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

22 Scopus citations


Millimeter-wave (mm-wave) communications incur a high beam alignment cost in mobile scenarios such as vehicular networks. Therefore, an efficient beam alignment mechanism is required to mitigate the resulting overhead. In this paper, a one-dimensional mobility model is proposed where a mobile user (MU), such as a vehicle, moves along a straight road with time-varying and random speed, and communicates with base stations (BSs) located on the roadside over the mm-wave band. To compensate for location uncertainty, the BS widens its transmission beam and, when a critical beamwidth is achieved, it performs beam-sweeping to refine the MU position estimate, followed by data communication over a narrow beam. The average rate and average transmission power are computed in closed form and the optimal beamwidth for communication, number of sweeping beams, and transmission power allocation are derived so as to maximize the average rate under an average power constraint. Structural properties of the optimal design are proved, and a bisection algorithm to determine the optimal sweeping - communication parameters is designed. It is shown numerically that an adaptation of the IEEE 802.11ad standard to the proposed model exhibits up to 90% degradation in spectral efficiency compared to the proposed scheme.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication2018 IEEE International Conference on Communications, ICC 2018 - Proceedings
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
ISBN (Print)9781538631805
StatePublished - Jul 27 2018
Externally publishedYes
Event2018 IEEE International Conference on Communications, ICC 2018 - Kansas City, United States
Duration: May 20 2018May 24 2018

Publication series

NameIEEE International Conference on Communications
ISSN (Print)1550-3607


Other2018 IEEE International Conference on Communications, ICC 2018
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityKansas City

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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