On the potential and limits of large area seeding for photovoltaic silicon

Nathan Stoddard, Bianca Gründig-Wendrock, Andreas Krause, Daniel Oriwol, Mariana Bertoni, Tine Uberg Naerland, Ian Witting, Lamine Sylla

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


Single crystal production of silicon for solar cell substrates has relied on the Dash neck technique developed more than 50 years ago. The technique is simple and repeatable and enables truly dislocation free crystal growth. It does have drawbacks, however, including limits on throughput and some structural difficulties. It has long been assumed that dislocation-free growth is not possible by any other method. In the ‘quasi-mono’ crystal growth technique, one of the key elements is the use of large area single crystal seeds. By melting the seeds at near-equilibrium conditions, it is feasible to avoid the production of dislocations during melting. We will review the dislocation relevant details of the large area seeding process and present best case results for dislocation density, including measured minority carrier lifetimes in excess of 1 ms on p-type material. We will focus on dislocation density exclusive of seed boundaries, but we will also present a potential best-case limit for the technique.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)272-275
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Crystal Growth
StatePublished - Oct 15 2016


  • A1. Directional solidification
  • A2. Seed crystals
  • B2. Semiconducting silicon
  • B3. Solar cells

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry


Dive into the research topics of 'On the potential and limits of large area seeding for photovoltaic silicon'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this