## Abstract

We consider the average cost problem for partially observable Markov decision processes (POMDP) with finite state, observation, and control spaces. We prove that there exists an e-optimal finite-state controller (FSC) functionally independent of initial distributions for any ε > 0, under the assumption that the optimal liminf average cost function of the POMDP is constant. As part of our proof, we establish that if the optimal liminf average cost function is constant, then the optimal limsup average cost function is also constant, and the two are equal. We also discuss the connection between the existence of nearly optimal finite-history controllers and two other important issues for average cost POMDP: the existence of an average cost that is independent of the initial state distribution, and the existence of a bounded solution to the constant average cost optimality equation.

Original language | English (US) |
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Pages (from-to) | 1-11 |

Number of pages | 11 |

Journal | Mathematics of Operations Research |

Volume | 33 |

Issue number | 1 |

DOIs | |

State | Published - Feb 2008 |

Externally published | Yes |

## Keywords

- Average cost criterion
- Finite-state and control models
- Optimality conditions
- Partially observable markov decision processes

## ASJC Scopus subject areas

- General Mathematics
- Computer Science Applications
- Management Science and Operations Research