Oil tea shell synthesized biochar adsorptive utilization for the nitrate removal from aqueous media

Tariq Mehmood, Asad Ullah Khan, Kodanda Phani Raj Dandamudi, Shuguang Deng, Mohamed H. Helal, Hazim M. Ali, Zubair Ahmad

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


Various reported methods are devoted to nitrate removal from water over the years. However, recently researchers are focusing on developing the materials that offer bio-based, non-toxic, inexpensive and yet an efficient solution for water treatment. In this study, removal of nitrates from water was carried out using oil tea shells (OTS) as a biosorbent. OTS powder was impregnated with ZnCl2 and biochar was prepared which was further treated with Cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB), a cationic surfactant. Both the Langmuir and the Freundlich models were satisfied by the nitrate adsorption of OTS biochar. The adsorption capacity was measured at 15.6 mg/g when the circumstances were at their best. The pseudo-second-order model provided an accurate description of the kinetic data that were collected from batch trials. The adsorption yield goes up when by usage of more adsorbent, but it goes down when adsorption start with a higher concentration of nitrate. The strong basis of analytical equipments were used to characterize the OTS biosorbent. According to the findings of the research, surface-modified OTS biochar is an effective material for the removal of nitrate from aqueous solutions. This means that it has the potential to be utilized in water treatment as an adsorbent that is both inexpensive and kind to the natural environment. Removal of heavy metals and other organic pollutants, both from groundwater and wastewater using OTS biochar seems like a promising and interesting area of study.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number136045
StatePublished - Nov 2022


  • Adsorption
  • Biochar
  • Biosorbent
  • Modification
  • Nitrate removal
  • Oil tea shell

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • General Chemistry
  • Pollution
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis


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