Non-platinum cathode catalysts for alkaline membrane fuel cells

I. Kruusenberg, L. Matisen, Q. Shah, Arunachala Mada Kannan, K. Tammeveski

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

183 Scopus citations


Hydrogen-oxygen fuel cells using an alkaline anion exchange membrane were prepared and evaluated. Various non-platinum catalyst materials were investigated by fabricating membrane-electrode assemblies (MEAs) using Tokuyama membrane (# A201) and compared with commercial noble metal catalysts. Co and Fe phthalocyanine catalyst materials were synthesized using multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) as support materials. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopic study was conducted in order to examine the surface composition. The electroreduction of oxygen has been investigated on Fe phthalocyanine/MWCNT, Co phthalocyanine/MWCNT and commercial Pt/C catalysts. The oxygen reduction reaction kinetics on these catalyst materials were evaluated using rotating disk electrodes in 0.1 M KOH solution and the current density values were consistently higher for Co phthalocyanine based electrodes compared to Fe phthalocyanine. The fuel cell performance of the MEAs with Co and Fe phthalocyanines and Tanaka Kikinzoku Kogyo Pt/C cathode catalysts were 100, 60 and 120 mW cm-2 using H2 and O2 gases.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4406-4412
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Issue number5
StatePublished - Mar 2012


  • Alkaline membrane fuel cell
  • Cobalt phthalocyanine
  • Iron phthalocyanine
  • Membrane-electrode assembly
  • Oxygen reduction reaction
  • Tokuyama membrane

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Fuel Technology
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology


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