Mutualism models with non-linear growth rates†

F. Brauer, A. C. Soudack

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


A general model with non-linear per capita growth rates for mutualism is described and given a complete qualitative analysis. The model incorporates both facultative and obligate species, and includes commensal interactions. The various possible behaviours conform to observed possibilities. A specific class of examples is proposed which illustrates these possibilities, including some not feasible with a Lotka-Volterra model.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1601-1612
Number of pages12
JournalInternational Journal of Control
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 1985
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Computer Science Applications

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