Momentum analyses for determination of drop size and distributions during spray atomization

T. W. Lee, J. E. Park, Hana Bellerova, Milan Hnizdl, Miroslav Raudensky

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


The momentum effects on drop size and distributions during spray atomization were studied. By adding the liquid and gas momentum analysis to conservation equations for mass and energy, a formulation for determination of the spray drop size, number density, and liquid/gas velocities during spray atomization was constructed. In this approach, the aerodynamic drag was approximately parameterized by the drag coefficient, and viscous dissipation with dimensional scaling, allowing to calculate the spray drop size and distributions from the injection parameters. The formulation yielded a broad dynamic perspective of spray atomization in which the liquid momentum undergoes deceleration due to drag and the drop size was the result of attendant energy transfer from the liquid kinetic to surface tension energy. Momentum added a key component to the analysis of spray atomization leading to some useful relationships between the drop size and velocities.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)97-109
Number of pages13
JournalAtomization and Sprays
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2020


  • Drop size distribution
  • Momentum conservation
  • Sauter mean diameter
  • Spray atomization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemical Engineering


Dive into the research topics of 'Momentum analyses for determination of drop size and distributions during spray atomization'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this