Molecular beam epitaxy growth of AlGaN quantum wells on 6H-SiC substrates with high internal quantum efficiency

Wei Zhang, A. Yu Nikiforov, C. Thomidis, J. Woodward, H. Sun, Chen Kai Kao, D. Bhattarai, A. Moldawer, L. Zhou, David Smith, T. D. Moustakas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Scopus citations


The authors report the development of high internal quantum efficiency AlN/AlGaN/AlN double heterostructures and AlGaN/AlN multiple quantum wells (MQWs) grown on 6H-SiC and 4H-SiC substrates of various miscuts by plasma-assisted molecular-beam epitaxy. The authors find that the luminescence spectra for identical MQWs show a single peak across the gap, with a wavelength that is redshifted by ∼20 nm as the excess Ga during growth of the wells increases. The internal quantum efficiency of the double heterostructures emitting at 250 nm is found to be 43, and that of the multiple quantum wells emitting at 245 nm is 68%. These results suggest that AlGaN alloys on SiC substrates are capable of producing deep-ultraviolet emitters with high efficiency. The authors propose that these results can be accounted for by the introduction of lateral band structure potential fluctuations due to the changing of the growth mode from physical vapor phase epitaxy to liquid phase epitaxy (LPE) as the excess gallium increases. In this LPE mode the arriving active nitrogen species from the plasma source and aluminum atoms from the aluminum effusion cells dissolve in the excess liquid gallium and incorporate into the film from the liquid phase.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number02B119
JournalJournal of Vacuum Science and Technology B:Nanotechnology and Microelectronics
Issue number2
StatePublished - Mar 2012

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Instrumentation
  • Process Chemistry and Technology
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Materials Chemistry


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