MIMO radar waveform constraints for GMTI

K. W. Forsythe, D. W. Bliss

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

72 Scopus citations


Ground moving-target indication (GMTI) provides both an opportunity and challenge for coherent multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) radar. MIMO techniques can improve a radar's angle estimation and the minimum detectable velocity (MDV) for a target. However, the challenge of clutter mitigation places significant constraints on MIMO radar waveforms. In this paper, the loss of target return because of clutter mitigation (signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) loss) is the driving performance metric. The ideal, orthogonal repeated-pulse waveform is shown not to exist. Pulse-to-pulse time-varying waveforms, such as Doppler-division multiple access (DDMA), are shown to offer SNR loss performance approaching ideal MIMO systems.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number5393293
Pages (from-to)21-32
Number of pages12
JournalIEEE Journal on Selected Topics in Signal Processing
Issue number1
StatePublished - Feb 2010
Externally publishedYes


  • Multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) systems
  • Pulse Doppler radar
  • Radar clutter
  • Radar theory

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Signal Processing
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


Dive into the research topics of 'MIMO radar waveform constraints for GMTI'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this