Mexican-origin parents’ workplace discrimination and well-being: The roles of familism values, family conflict, and gender.

Lorey A. Wheeler, Kimberly A. Updegraff, Adriana J. Umaña-Taylor, Ann C. Crouter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Objective: This study examined Mexican-origin parents’ perceived workplace discrimination, familism, family conflict, and gender as related to parents’ well-being (i.e., self-esteem, depressive symptoms, and general physical health) over a 2-year period during the 2007–2009 “Great Recession” in the U.S. Method: Data were drawn from two waves of a larger study of 246 Mexican-origin predominantly immigrant families with adolescents. Using a matched-pairs sample of mothers and fathers, path analyses were conducted to test the hypothesized relations. Results: Moderation analyses revealed that high levels of familism weakened the link between workplace discrimination and parents’ depressive symptoms, whereas high levels of parent–youth conflict exacerbated the association to parents’ psychosocial well-being. There was variation by parent gender, with parent–youth conflict being more strongly associated with fathers’ self-esteem than mothers’. Conclusions: Findings indicate that Mexican-origin parents’ familism can mitigate and family conflict can exacerbate the risks of workplace discrimination on parents’ psychosocial well-being. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2021 APA, all rights reserved) Public Significance Statement—Experiences of discrimination in the workplace are of significant concern for ethnic–racial minority populations in the U.S. given the negative consequences on mental and physical well-being. Results of this investigation suggest evidence for the negative effects of Mexican-origin parents’ experiences of workplace discrimination being mitigated by familism values and exacerbated by family conflict.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)717-727
Number of pages11
JournalCultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology
Issue number4
StatePublished - Oct 2021


  • Mexican origin
  • discrimination
  • familism values
  • family conflict
  • well-being

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Sociology and Political Science


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