Meta-analysis for single-case consultation outcomes: Applications to research and practice

R. T. Busse, Thomas R. Kratochwill, Stephen N. Elliott

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

65 Scopus citations


The application of meta-analysis holds much appeal for single-case consultation outcome research. We review a meta-analytic method for using within-study treatment effect sizes in reporting consultation outcomes. The strengths and limitations of traditional group design meta-analysis are examined. Various methods for analyzing single-case outcomes are discussed briefly, followed by an examination of the use of meta-analysis in single-case reviews across independent studies. Within-study meta-analytic results are presented that were derived from treatments implemented in consultations in natural settings. To conclude the article, an illustration is offered of a single-case data analysis display that incorporates meta-analytic results along with other indices of treatment outcome. Recommendations are provided for using meta-analytic methods to evaluate outcomes of single-case consultation treatment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)269-285
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of School Psychology
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1995
Externally publishedYes


  • Consultation
  • Effect size
  • Meta-analysis
  • Single-case research
  • Treatment outcomes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology


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