Quantitative data on men's time allocation among the Ache of Paraguay are presented. The data indicate that Ache men work almost 7 hours daily in direct food acquisition, which is the major daily activity. The amount of time Ache men work is compared with the amount reported for other modern hunter-gatherers and tribal horticulturalists. The characterization of hunter-gatherers as the "original affluent society" does not agree with currently available data. The results show high variance across societies, both hunting and horticultural, and suggest that time spent in subsistence work is not simply a function of food "needs." We propose that the value of time spent in potential alternative activities must be considered in order to predict time spent in subsistence tasks.
- time allocation
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Environmental Science (miscellaneous)
- Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
- Sociology and Political Science