Measuring the degree of internationalization of a firm: A comment

Kannan Ramaswamy, K. Galen Kroeck, William Renforth

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

229 Scopus citations


Sullivan’s [1994] suggestion that an index measure of the internationalization construct is superior to single-variable measures is critiqued on psychometric, content validity, criterion validity, reliability, and utilitarian grounds. We argue that internationalization is more complex than envisioned by this index and suggest that further refinement of the construct is necessary before constructing indices.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)167-177
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of International Business Studies
Issue number1
StatePublished - Mar 1996
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Business and International Management
  • General Business, Management and Accounting
  • Economics and Econometrics
  • Strategy and Management
  • Management of Technology and Innovation


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