Masking of tones by tones and of noise by noise

Donald E. Robinson, Ted L. Langford, William A. Yost

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations


Using a two-alternative temporal forced-choice technique, two binaural detection experiments were performed. In the first, the detectability of a 250-Hz 128-msec tonal signal masked by a gated 70-dB SPL tone of the same frequency and duration was measured as a function of the level of the signal, the phase angle at which the signal was added to the masker, and the interaural phase difference of the signal. In the second experiment, the signal was a wideband (100-3,000 Hz) 128-msec Gaussian noise masked by a continuous Gaussian noise of the same bandwidth and coherent with the signal. The detectability of this noise signal was measured as a function of the same variables investigated in the first experiment. In both experiments detectability was found to follow a simple energy- or power-detection model when the interaural phase difference was 0 deg. When the interaural phase difference was 180 deg, the function relating the signal level required for a constant level of performance to the signal-masker phase angle is such that neither the Webster-Jeffress hypothesis nor Durlach's E-C model accounts for the data. The data are reasonably well fit by a model proposed by Hafter and Carrier.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)159-167
Number of pages9
JournalPerception & Psychophysics
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1974
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Sensory Systems
  • Psychology(all)


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