Managing the resilience of lakes: A multi-agent modeling approach

Marco A. Janssen, Stephen R. Carpenter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

66 Scopus citations


We demonstrate an approach for integrating social and ecological models to study ecosystem management strategies. We focus on the management of lake eutrophication. A model has been developed in which the dynamics of the lake, the learning dynamics of society, and the interactions between ecology and society are included. Analyses with the model show that active learning is important to retain the resilience of lakes. Although very low levels of phosphorus in the water will not be reached, active learning reduce the chance of catastrophic high phosphorus levels.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalEcology and Society
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1999
Externally publishedYes


  • Active learning
  • Eutrophication
  • Integrated modeling
  • Lake dynamics
  • Lake management
  • Multi-agent modeling
  • Phosphorus
  • Resilience
  • Restoration
  • Simulation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology


Dive into the research topics of 'Managing the resilience of lakes: A multi-agent modeling approach'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this