Magnetic anisotropy and microstructure in molecular beam epitaxial FePt (110)/MgO (110)

R. F C Farrow, D. Weller, R. F. Marks, M. F. Toney, David Smith, Martha McCartney

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

65 Scopus citations


We compare the growth, structural, and magnetic properties of FexPt1-x(x≃0.6) films grown by molecular beam epitaxy on MgO (110) substrates held at 300 and 500 °C. Growth at both temperatures yields nearly single orientation epitaxial films with FePt, Pt [001]//MgO[001] and FePt, Pt (110)//MgO (110). For growth at 300 °C, chemical ordering to the L10 (CuAu I) tetragonal phase is incomplete (long-range order parameter, S=0.38) in contrast with growth at 500 °C for which ordering is nearly complete (S=0.81). Despite incomplete chemical ordering, a large two-fold, in-plane magnetic anisotropy (Ku=1.5×10 erg/cm) is present for the film grown at 300 °C. Transmission electron microscopy for the 300 °C film confirms epitaxial growth with few extended defects but also reveals that chemical ordering is distributed inhomogeneously within the film. The direction of ordering is generally uniform (c axis along MgO [001]) but variations in the degree of ordering are evident on a length scale of 1-10 nm.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)934-939
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Applied Physics
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jul 15 1998

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)


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